Presentation : Pak Russia Relations : An Overview and Future Strategy

On 06 October, 2012 MUSLIM Institute organised round table discussion on the topic “Pak Russia Relations: An Overview & Future Strategy”. Air Marshal (R) Shaid Latif and Maj(R) Raja Mujtaba were honorable experts on the occasion.

Usman Hasan, research associate of MUSIM Institute, gave brief presentation on the history of Pak-Russia relations with the following points.

  • Diplomatic relations established in 1948
  • Soviets invited Liaqat Ali Khan in 1949 who then decided to visit USA instead of USSR
  • Pakistan joined SEATO in 1954 and CENTO in 1955
  • 1960 U-2 American spy plane incident
  • Ayub Khan’s visits to Russia
  • Russian role in 1965 and 1971 Indo-Pak wars
  • Zulfikar Ali Bhutto’s period and relations improved
  • He visited Russia as President and PM of Pakistan
  • Steel Mills project
  • Many Other projects like Oil & Gas
  • In Gen Zia’s period relations weakened again
  • USSR declared war on Afghanistan in 1979; not welcome by Pakistan
  • Pakistan supported mujahedeen against USSR
  • In 1988-89 USSR withdrawal from Afghanistan
  • USSR dissolved in 1991 
  • Pakistan was first state to accept Russia as successor state of USSR
  • PM Nawaz Sharif visited Russia in 1999
  • Post 9/11 relations; Pervez Musharaf’s visit in 2003
  • Russia observer member of OIC & Pakistan observer member of SCO
  • In 2007 Russian PM visited Pakistan
  • President Asif Ali Zardari visited Russia in 2011
  • Russian President Vladimir Putin’s visit to Pakistan postponed
  • Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov visited Pakistan
  • Pakistan’s Army chief Gen. Ashfaq Parvez Kayani visited Russia
  • Russian Defense Minister Anatoly Serdyukov delayed visit to India

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